Author Guidelines

Spelling: Victorian Review is a Canadian publication and uses Canadian spellings. Our house dictionary is the Canadian Oxford Dictionary.

Images: Guidelines for including images in articles to be published by Victorian Review

The following provides some guidelines for:

  • acceptable digital formats for reproduced images
  • how to transfer images to the editor
  • what permissions are required to reproduce images
  • how to indicate where an image should appear in an article
  • how to phrase a caption

If your essay includes images, please submit them in a high resolution format where possible: 600 dpi .tiff is preferred, but we can sometimes use lower resolution .jpgs or .gifs if necessary. We cannot accept images in a .png format.   

Please upload your images to a file sharing platform, such as Dropbox or Google Drive, ensure that the documents are “shareable” and send the link to If you are unable to provide a link to a shareable file, please email to arrange an alternative.

Please provide, too, copyright permission forms or email correspondence with copyright holders that you have collected in the course of preparing your manuscript. Most archives, libraries, and other rights holders will have their own forms for this purpose, but you’ll find one for JHUP attached should you need it. If it has the relevant information, a website print out is also acceptable.

Images scanned from books or other print sources published in the United States before 1923 are considered public domain. In Canada, published works pass into the public domain fifty years after the creator’s death. The regulations surrounding copyright, however, can vary substantially from country to country and from one medium to another; the rights to a photograph of a painting or a statue, even if that painting or statue were made before 1923, might belong to the photographer, for example, or to the publisher of the book in which it appears. Please be sure that you have the appropriate permission. If you have questions about copy-right laws, we recommend consulting the following:

The costs for securing the rights to reproduce an image in both the digital and print domains are the responsibility of the author. Images that are not accompanied by the relevant permissions can result in delay of publication.

Articles should indicate where to place an image by including an in-line reference at the end of the relevant sentence: “(fig.1).” Do not embed images (including graphs or charts) in the text document; they should be provided separately. Captions, too, should be broken out and provided in a separate document file (multiple captions can be gathered in a single file), and should indicate all appropriate details, including an acknowledgement of the copyright holder’s permission. Here’s an example:

Fig. 1. Frontispiece to William Heath, Monster Soup, Commonly Called Thames Water, Being a Correct Representation of That Stuff Doled Out to Us! (Macmillan, 1828). Courtesy of the Wellcome Collection.

Punctuation: Victorian Review uses the serial comma: “a, b, and c” not “a, b and c.”
Please put commas and periods inside closing quotation marks, except in the case of an in-text citation immediately following a quote, in which case the punctuation follows the citation. Colons, semicolons, questions marks, and exclamation points are placed outside the closing quotation mark, unless they are part of the quote itself.

Quotations: Please use double quotation marks in general, single only for quotations within quotations. Please ensure that any emphasis in quoted material is noted as either “in original” or “added.” When omitting parts of quotations, do not bracket the ellipses you insert unless there are ellipses in the original and your omissions need to be differentiated from the quoted text. When omitting text from quotations, follow the three-dot and four-dot ellipses conventions. If the material you are omitting is less than one sentence in the source document, and does not correspond with a sentence break in your reconstituted quote, use three dots. If your quotation omits a sentence or more, or if your quotation corresponds with a sentence break in your new quote, use a four-dot ellipsis.

Numbers: Numbers that can be written with one or two words (such as seven, thirty-eight, and one thousand) should be spelled out. All other numbers (such as 106, 6.05, and 1,948) should be expressed using numerals. When writing out dates, use “day month year” format, with no commas (11 October 1852).

MLA Citations and Works Cited:  Please format your citations and Works Cited according to the MLA 8th edition. Please ensure that all claims and quotations have appropriate in-text citations. For your Works Cited list, we encourage you to use DOIs when they are available. We do not include URLs for articles housed in standard academic databases. In some instances, such as webpages, a URL might be useful. Victorian Review uses endnotes and not footnotes.

Document Layout: Please double space and left justify your document. Use Times Roman 12-point font. Please use the “Indent first line” command in Word to indent paragraphs. Do not use the space bar or tab. The first paragraph of the article, paragraphs after subtitles, and paragraphs after block quotations should be flush with the left margin, not indented. After terminal punctuation, a single space is all that is required. Do not insert two.

Typesetting: Italicize rather than underline the titles of books, plays, long poems, periodicals, and so on.

Self-Archiving: JHUP journal authors are permitted to deposit a digital copy of their final manuscript in their noncommercial institutional repository, provided the repository is not discipline based and does not accept contributions from outside the institution. If required by law, authors may also include their final manuscript in an OA archive such as PubMed Central. This self-archiving policy pertains to the final manuscript version of the article only and not to the final published version in any format, including PDF. Deposits must credit JHUP as publisher and identify the appropriate copyright holder. For the full policy, click here.